Tag Archive: Hosni Mubarak


TUMBANG JUA AKHIRNYA

Ketika zaman belajar dahulu, antara lokasi tempat tinggal saya ialah di Syarie’ Awwal Dirasat, tidak jauh dari bangunan kuliah Universiti al-Azhar cawangan Mansoura tempat isteri saya belajar. Tidak jauh dari blok bangunan tempat tinggal kami itu – barangkali hanya 2 minit berjalan kaki, ada sebuah masjid di tepi jalan yang selalu menjadi tempat saya berjamaah dengan masyarakat di sana.

Zaman saya di Mansoura ialah mulai akhir tahun 2002 sehingga jun 2004. Ia tempoh selepas perkahwinan saya dengan isteri, juga saya berada pada  peperiksaan akhir pengajian pada jun 2003, tempoh menimang cahayamata pertama pada ogos 2003 sebelum pulang 10 bulan kemudian. Zaman itu juga berlaku intifadhah Palestin, kesyahidan dua pemimpin utama Hamas Syaikh Ahmad Yasin dan Dr Abdul Aziz Rantisi.

Tempoh itu saya masih di Mesir. Saya pernah melihat dari hujung blok bangunan rumah sewa kami, penduduk sekitar dan jamaah masjid berkenaan selepas solat jumaat mengadakan demonstrasi aman mengecam kebiadaban Zionis Israel membunuh umat Islam di Palestin. Ia tidaklah terlalu besar tetapi rasanya mencapai angka ribu kerana kebanyakan jamaah jumaat di mana-mana masjid biasanya melimpah hingga ke jalan raya.

Saya mesti mengakui bahawa pandangan rakyat dan umat Islam di Mesir terhadap bumi Palestin tidak sama dengan pemerintah mereka. Ketika itu publisiti untuk mengadakan boikot ekonomi terhadap barangan Israel dan Amerika begitu meluas sekali dan meresap ke dalam masyarakat mereka. Risalah-risalah anti Zionis Israel berleluasa masuk ke masjid dan rumah umat Islam.

Pernah saya lihat di beberapa lokasi dinding yang bertulis dalam bahasa Arab : “Yaqtulunanaa bi amwalikum..” ertinya : Mereka (yahudi Israel) membunuh kami (umat Islam di Palestin) dengan harta-harta kamu (wahai umat Islam).. sebagai satu kenyataan bahawa umat Islam sendiri terlibat dalam pembantaian saudara mereka di bumi Palestin. Dilukis dan digambarkan  juga  dengan sebiji burger berintikan bayi Islam yang menjadi hidangan pelanggan termasuk umat Islam.

Dari hujung bangunan saya melihat beberapa orang berucap dalam himpunan aman itu mengutuk Zionis dan sikap pemerintah mereka sendiri yang masih bekerjasama dengan Yahudi Israel. Tidak semua ucapan mereka yang bersemangat itu saya fahami, tetapi dalam demonstrasi aman itu saya sendiri merasa bersemangat, naik bulu roma saya mendengar ucapan-ucapan mereka yang sedia untuk syahid dan berjuang untuk saudara mereka di Palestin.

Umat Islam di Mesir sudah lama memendam perasaan. Pertubuhan Islam paling berpengaruh di Mesir bahkan di dunia, Ikhwanul Muslimin meski sudah diharamkan sejak tahun 50an masih mendapat tempat di hati umat Islam sehingga kini dan mereka mampu bertahan dan merekrut ahli-ahli mereka sepanjang masa meski dengan kepungan dan halangan yang tidak pernah putus daripada pemerintah negara mereka sendiri.

Sebagai pelajar, kami sering diingatkan agar berhati-hati apabila sesuatu perkara dikaitkan dengan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Sebagai contoh, kami dilarang membaca sebarang buku yang dikaitkan dengan Ikhwanul Muslimin di kawasan terbuka seperti di dalam bas, masjid dan sebagainya walaupun buku-buku seumpama ini ada dijual di banyak maktabah yang berserakan di Mesir. Bahkan menyebut kalimah Ikhwanul Muslimin juga dilarang sama sekali bagi mengelakkan gangguan pihak keselamatan terutama polis cawangan khas (SB).

Namun sebagaimana yang diyakini sebagai umat Islam bahawa cahaya Islam tidak akan pernah padam meski Islam dibenci oleh musuh-musuh-Nya. Islam akan sampai di mana sahaja cahaya matahari akan sampai. Bagaimana diperuk, dipijak dan ditekan sekalipun, Islam tidak akan pupus. Ramai beranggapan bahawa Mesir sebuah negara yang menjalankan pemerintahan berlandaskan Islam walhal sebenarnya tidak.

Meski Mesir adalah bumi para firaun, di sini jugalah bumi para nabi dan ulama. Maka sikap antara firaun dan nabi akan sentiasa berlaku sehingga akhir zaman. Akan ada pemerintah yang jahat dan akan ada mereka yang sentiasa membela Islam walaupun mereka terpaksa dibunuh dan terbunuh.

Suatu hari ketika saya menaiki teksi dari Abbasiyyah menuju ke sebuah lokasi, melalui jalan-jalan yang serba sesak di Kota Kaherah, tiba-tiba saja pemandu memberhentikan kenderaannya dan terus keluar dari keretanya. Dia merokok di tepi jalan sambil melihat suasana sekeliling. Mulanya saya hairan dan apabila saya lihat sama keluar, saya lihat ratusan atau barangkali ribuan kenderaan yang lain turut berhenti dan kebanyakannya keluar. Ada yang sempat singgah ke kedai berdekatan, minum syai dan seumpamanya.

Setelah saya bertanya, rupanya kata pemandu berkenaan, Presiden Hosni Mubarak bakal lalu di satu jalan. Justeru semua simpang yang menuju ke arah jalan yang dilalui oleh Presiden ditutup untuk memberi laluan kepada Presiden dan rombongan. Pasukan tentera pula akan berdiri mengawasi di kiri dan kanan jalan memberi kawalan keselamatan sepenuhnya kepada presiden. Lama saya berfikir rupanya, presiden itu takut juga kepada musuhnya.

Kini, satu fasa revolusi penggulingan Presiden Hosni Mubarak sudah berakhir. Selama 18 hari di Dataran Tahrir (dengan izin Allah jua) mereka berjaya menumbangkan pemerintah yang sudah berkuasa selama 30 tahun. Rakyat Mesir terutama yang cintakan Islam akan terus menanti tindakan seterusnya daripada Majlis Tertinggi Tentera Mesir agar mereka menikmati pemerintahan yang bertunjangkan kepada Islam. Namun keyakinan saya ialah di hujungnya, Islam pasti akan muncul sebagai pemenangnya.


KAHERAH 11 FEBRUARI

SEBELUM PERLETAKAN JAWATAN PRESIDEN HOSNI MUBARAK

Opposition supporters perform Friday prayers near tanks in front of the presidential palace in Cairo February 11, 2011. Egypt’s powerful army gave guarantees on Friday that President Hosni Mubarak’s promised reforms would be carried out, but protesters insisted he quit now and cranked up the pressure by massing outside his palace. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST IMAGES OF THE DAY RELIGION MILITARY)

Anti-government protesters demonstrate after traditional Muslim Friday prayers at the continuing demonstration in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

Anti-government protesters, and Egyptian soldiers on top of their vehicles, make traditional Muslim Friday prayers at the continuing demonstration in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

Anti-government protesters make traditional Muslim Friday prayers at the continuing demonstration in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

Anti-government protesters make traditional Muslim Friday prayers at the continuing demonstration in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

Anti-government protesters make traditional Muslim Friday prayers at the continuing demonstration in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

Anti-government protesters weep during Friday prayers inside Tahrir Square in Cairo February 11, 2011. Egypt’s powerful army pledged on Friday to guarantee President Hosni Mubarak’s reforms in a move to defuse a popular uprising, but many angry protesters said this failed to meet their key demand that he resign immediately. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez (EGYPT – Tags: RELIGION POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

Egyptian anti-government protesters march in the coastal city of Alexandria on February 11, 2011. At least a million Egyptians took to the streets of cities around the country to demand the departure of President Hosni Mubarak, according to an AFP tally of official and witness accounts. AFP PHOTO/STR (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government protesters flash Arabic banners with the names of martyers of Jan.25 country’s wide protests as they march in Suez, Egypt, Friday, Feb. 11, 2011. Mubarak has refused to step down or leave the country, and instead handed his administrative powers to his vice president Omar Suleiman on Thursday, remaining president and ensuring control over the reform process, prompting mass protests by anti-Mubarak demonstrators. (AP Photo)

KAHERAH 10 FEBRUARI

Egyptian lawyers in black robes stream into Cairo’s Tahrir Square, Thursday, Feb. 10, 2011. Labor unrest across the country gave powerful momentum to Egypt’s wave of anti-government protests. With its efforts to manage the crisis failing, the government threatened the army could crack down by imposing martial law. Arabic poster read ” before you leave we want the 70 billion dollars”. (AP Photo/ Mohammed Abou Zaid)

A general view shows the crowded Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 10, 2011. Tens of thousands of Egyptian workers walked out in mass nationwide strikes to demand wage increases and show support for the widening revolt against Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)

Local doctors and nurses chant anti-government slogans during mass demonstrations inside Tahrir Square in Cairo February 10, 2011. An Egyptian opposition party pulled out of talks on reform with the government on Thursday, saying President Hosni Mubarak’s administration had not responded “to the minimum level of popular demands”. Demonstrators have dismissed the dialogue as irrelevant to their demands for Mubarak to end his 30 years in power now as a first step toward deep political reform. REUTER/Dylan Martinez (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST IMAGES OF THE DAY HEALTH)

Egyptian anti-goverment demonstrators shout slogans against President Hosni Mubarak at Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 10, 2011, on the 17th day of protests against President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. Thousands more Egyptian demonstrators joined a mounting tide of protest against Mubarak’s regime despite stark threats of a government crackdown. AFP PHOTO/PEDRO UGARTE (Photo credit should read PEDRO UGARTE/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators pray at Tahrir Square on February 10, 2011 on the 17th day of consecutive protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. Tens of thousands of Egyptian workers walked out in mass nationwide strikes to demand wage increases and show support for the widening revolt against Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

A veiled Egyptian woman, with her national flag reading in Arabic “No to Mubarak” attached to her back, walks with a stone towards makeshift barricades after rumours spread that the army was abandoning positions at Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 5, 2011. Egypt’s defiant strongman Hosni Mubarak showed no sign of quitting on the 12th straight day of Cairo protests demanding he end his 30-year grip on power, as international calls grew for him to go. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators face soldiers in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 05, 2011, as Egyptians gather for the 12th consecutive day calling for the end to President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators wave their shoes as a sign of anger to the speech of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who failed to announce his immediate resignation, as tens of thousands gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 10, 2011. Embattled Mubarak delegated power to his deputy and former intelligence chief Omar Suleiman and proposed constitutional reforms but said the transition to end his 30-year-reign would last until September. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Tens of thousands of Egyptian anti-government protesters crowd Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 10, 2011 amid rumors that President Hosni Mubarak appeared to be on the brink of stepping down. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

KAHERAH 7 FEBRUARI

Men pray in front of a tank during a protest in Cairo February 7, 2011. President Hosni Mubarak’s new cabinet on Monday holds its first full meeting since an uprising started nearly two weeks ago, with no concrete progress in talks with Islamists and an opposition who demand his immediate exit. Mubarak, 82, who has refused calls to end his 30-year-old presidency before September polls, saying his resignation would cause chaos in the Arab world’s most populous nation, has tried to focus on restoring order. Protesters, barricaded in a tent camp in Tahrir Square in the heart of Cairo, have vowed to stay until Mubarak quits and hope to take their campaign to the streets with more mass demonstrations on Tuesday and Friday. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST RELIGION MILITARY)

Protesters gather around army vehicles at Tahrir Square in Cairo February 7, 2011, to prevent the army from moving towards the square and placing barbed wires. Demonstrators camped out in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, which has become an epicentre for protest, vowed to intensify their battle to oust Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak but the 82-year-old president has said he will stay until September elections because the alternative is chaos. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Protesters pray as they gather around army vehicles at Tahrir Square in Cairo February 7, 2011, to prevent the army from moving towards the square and placing barbed wires. Demonstrators camped out in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, which has become an epicentre for protest, vowed to intensify their battle to oust Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak but the 82-year-old president has said he will stay until September elections because the alternative is chaos. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY RELIGION)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators gather at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 7, 2011 on the 14th day of protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 07: Anti-government protesters pray next to Egyptian Army tank position in Tahrir Square of February 7, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. An uneasy stand-off between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt’s central square continues February 7, with protests continuing unabated. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators chant slogans as they gather at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 7, 2011 on the 14th day of protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

 

KAHERAH 6 FEBRUARI

Egyptian anti-government protesters gather at Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 6, 2011. Behind the makeshift barricades surrounding Tahrir Square, protesters voiced determination to stay put on the 13th day of protests against Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators shout slogans as they gather in the northern city of Alexandria on February 6, 2011 on the 13th day of protests calling for the ouster of embattled President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/STR (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 06: Egyptian women in the anti-government movement march against president Hosni Mubarak in central Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. An uneasy stand-off remains between anti and pro-government factions in Egypt’s central square as the protests continue unabated. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 06: Egyptian women in the anti-government movement march against president Hosni Mubarak in central Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. An uneasy stand-off remains between anti and pro-government factions in Egypt’s central square as the protests continue unabated. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government protesters gather at Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 6, 2011 on the 13th day of protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MIGUEL MEDINA (Photo credit should read MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government protesters gather at Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 6, 2011 on the 13th day of protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MIGUEL MEDINA (Photo credit should read MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images)

A sign made out of rocks by Egyptian anti-government demonstrators calls for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in English and Arabic to “Get Out”, in Tahrir Square, the center of anti-government demonstrations, in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011. A sense of normalcy began to return to the capital of some 18 million people, which has been largely closed since chaos erupted shortly after the protests began on Jan. 25. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

A sign made out of rocks by Egyptian anti-government demonstrators calls for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in English and Arabic to “Get Out”, in Tahrir Square, the center of anti-government demonstrations, in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011. A sense of normalcy began to return to the capital of some 18 million people, which has been largely closed since chaos erupted shortly after the protests began on Jan. 25. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Egyptian anti-government Muslim demonstrators pray as they gather at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 6, 2011 on the 13th day of protests calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MIGUEL MEDINA (Photo credit should read MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptians pray in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 06, 2011, following nearly two weeks of unprecedented demonstrations calling for President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Opposition supporters play the role of victims involved in the recent rioting with pro-Mubarak demonstrators, in Tahrir Square in Cairo February 6, 2011. Demonstrators camped out in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, which has become an epicentre for protest, vowed to intensify their battle to oust Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak but the 82-year-old president has said he will stay until September elections because the alternative is chaos. REUTERS/Steve Crisp (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

An opposition supporter holds a child above the crowd in Tahrir Square in Cairo February 6, 2011. Demonstrators camped out in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, which has become an epicentre for protest, vowed to intensify their battle to oust Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak but the 82-year-old president has said he will stay until September elections because the alternative is chaos. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

Egyptian Coptic Christians and Muslims raise a Cross and a Koran, Islam’s holy book, at Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011 on the 13th day of protests calling for ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/ KHALED DESOUKI (Photo credit should read KHALED DESOUKI/AFP/Getty Images)

hazlinda@mtib.gov.my

KAHERAH 5 FEBRUARI

Opposition supporters sleep near Tahrir Square in Cairo February 5, 2011. Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak, who has reshuffled his government but refused to step down, met some of the new ministers on Saturday, the state news agency said, in a clear rebuff to the hundreds of thousands of people publicly demanding the 82-year-old leader step down. REUTERS/Suhaib Salem (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 05: A protester leads fellow anti-government demonstrators in chants against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Tahrir Square on February 5, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Demonstrators, who remained in the Cairo’s Tahrir Square following Friday’s mass rally calling for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to resign, pleaded with the army to stay after hearing reports that they were pulling out. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 05: An anti-government protester prays in Tahrir Square on February 5, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Thousands of anti-government demonstrators continued to occupy the square, demanding the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-Mubarak protesters read newspapers at Tahrir square in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Feb. 5, 2011. President Barack Obama said Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak should do the statesmanlike thing and make a quick handoff to a more representative government. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 05: Anti-government protesters demand the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Tahrir Square on February 5, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Thousands of anti-government demonstrators continue to occupy the square, calling for the end of the Mubarak regime. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 05: Anti-government protesters search a boy selling bread as he enters Tahrir Square on February 5, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Thousands of the demonstrators continue to occupy the square, demanding the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

Soldiers stand guard while opposition supporters pray near Tahrir Square in Cairo February 5, 2011. Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak, who has reshuffled his government but refused to step down, met some of the new ministers on Saturday, the state news agency said, in a clear rebuff to the hundreds of thousands of people publicly demanding the 82-year-old leader step down. REUTERS/Suhaib Salem (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY RELIGION)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 05: An Egyptian army general lectures anti-government demonstrators while touring Tahrir Square on February 5, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The army had planned to clear the demonstrators’ barricades on the edge of the square, and protesters vowed to prevent them from removing their defenses. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

A wounded Egyptian anti-government protestor holds a poster reading in Arabic “I want to be martyr” while sitting on a battered truck serving as a barricade in Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 5, 2011 as Egyptians gather for the 12th consecutive day calling for the end to President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)


Egyptian anti-government protesters, a Christian (L) and a Muslim woman stand together in Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 05, 2011, as Egyptians gather for the 12th consecutive day calling for the end to President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

An opposition demonstrator gestures in front of tanks on the frontline near Tahrir Square in Cairo February 5, 2011. Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak, who has reshuffled his government but refused to step down, met some of the new ministers on Saturday, the state news agency said, in a clear rebuff to the hundreds of thousands of people publicly demanding the 82-year-old leader step down. REUTERS/Suhaib Salem (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST IMAGES OF THE DAY)

KAHERAH 4 FEBRUARI

 

Opposition supporters listen to Egyptian-born cleric Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, who says President Hosni Mubarak must stand down and leave Egypt, before Friday prayers at Tahrir Square in Cairo February 4, 2011. Egyptians fighting to oust Mubarak hoped to rally a million people on Friday as the United States worked to convince the 82-year-old leader to begin handing over power. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

Egyptian medics sleep in a makeshift clinic at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 4, 2011 as anti-government protesters were preparing to mass on the 11th day for sweeping “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators sleep at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 4, 2011 as protesters were preparing to mass on the 11th day for sweeping “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

An Egyptian anti-government demonstrator holds his national flag with an-anti Mubarak slogan at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 4, 2011 as anti-government protesters were preparing to mass on the 11th day for sweeping “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators guard a makeshift barricade at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 4, 2011 as protesters were preparing to mass on the 11th day for sweeping “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators shout slogans at Cairo’s Tahrir square on February 4, 2011 as anti-government protesters were preparing to mass on the 11th day for sweeping “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit. AFP PHOTO/PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government protesters pray at Tahrir Square in Cairo on February 4, 2011 during “departure day” demonstrations to force President Hosni Mubarak to quit after he said he would like to step down but fears chaos would result. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)

Anti-government protesters take part in Friday prayers at Tahrir Square in Cairo February 4, 2011. Tens of thousands of Egyptians prayed in Cairo’s Tahrir (Liberation) Square on Friday for an immediate end to President Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule, hoping a million more would join them in what they called the “Day of Departure” . REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El-Ghany (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS RELIGION)

An Egyptian man looks out over Tahrir, or Liberation Square, in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Feb. 4, 2011. The Egyptian military guarded thousands of protesters pouring into Cairo’s main square on Friday in an attempt to drive out President Hosni Mubarak after a week and a half of pro-democracy demonstrations. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

People demonstrate in Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, Friday, Feb. 4, 2011. The Egyptian military guarded thousands of protesters pouring into Cairo’s main square on Friday in an attempt to drive out President Hosni Mubarak after a week and half of pro-democracy demonstrations. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

 

KAHERAH 3 FEBRUARI

Pro-government protesters (L) clash with anti-government protesters outside the National Museum near Tahrir square in Cairo early February 3, 2011. Opponents and supporters of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak fought with fists, stones and clubs in Cairo on Wednesday in what appeared to be a move by forces loyal to the Egyptian leader to end protests calling for him to quit. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS IMAGES OF THE DAY)

Pro-government protesters (L) clash with anti-government protesters outside the National Museum near Tahrir square in Cairo early February 3, 2011. Opponents and supporters of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak fought with fists, stones and clubs in Cairo on Wednesday in what appeared to be a move by forces loyal to the Egyptian leader to end protests calling for him to quit. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS IMAGES OF THE DAY)

An anti-government protester takes cover behind a barricade outside the National Museum near Tahrir square in Cairo early February 3, 2011. Opponents and supporters of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak fought with fists, stones and clubs in Cairo on Wednesday in what appeared to be a move by forces loyal to the Egyptian leader to end protests calling for him to quit. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

Anti-government demonstrators, wounded during clashes with pro-government protesters, shout slogans against President Hosni Mubarak at Tahrir square in Cairo February 3, 2011.Anti-government protesters said on Thursday they were more determined than ever to topple Mubarak after supporters loyal to him charged Tahrir Square, sparking violence that killed five people. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

CAIRO, EGYPT – FEBRUARY 03: People line up to get past a makeshift barricade guarded by anti-government protesters at the entrance to Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between groups opposed to President Hosni Mubarak and supporters of his 30 year rule continued into the night, as the Egyptian health minister reported that five people died in yesterday’s violence. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

Egyptian supporters of President Hosni Mubarak stand on a stairway after they were detained by anti-Mubarak protestors in Cairo’s central Tahrir square following clashes on February 03, 2011. AFP PHOT0/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators raise their hands as they ask their fellow protestors to stop clashing with pro-regime opponents in Cairo’s central Tahrir square where crowds have gathered for days calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak on February 03, 2011. AFP PHOT0/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Wounded Egyptian anti-government demonstrators shout slogans in Cairo’s central Tahrir square where crowds have gathered for days calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak on February 03, 2011. AFP PHOT0/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian anti-government demonstrators (bottom) stand amidst burnt cars as they clash with pro-regime opponents in Cairo’s central Tahrir square where crowds have gathered for days calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak on February 03, 2011. AFP PHOT0/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

KAHERAH 31 JANUARI

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 31: Anti-government protesters continue to congregate in Tahrir Square on the morning of January 31, 2011 in central Cairo, Egypt. Protests continued into the seventh day as thousands of people marched to demand the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, after 30 years of ruling the country. There is expected to be a ”protest of the millions” march on Tuesday, whilst the recent unrest is having a knock on effect on the Egyptian economy as tourists, business travellers, and residents are trying to escape the country after a week of anti-government clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Women shout during an anti-government demonstration in Cairo, Egypt, Monday Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo’s streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Mohammed Abou Zaid)

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 31: A protester leads a chant during anti-government rally in Tahrir Square on the morning of January 31, 2011 in central Cairo, Egypt. Protests continued into the seventh day as thousands of people marched to demand the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, after 30 years of ruling the country. There is expected to be a ”protest of the millions” march on Tuesday, whilst the recent unrest is having a knock on effect on the Egyptian economy as tourists, business travellers, and residents are trying to escape the country after a week of anti-government clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Egyptians dressed in white shrouds to show their readiness to die for their cause, demonstrate in Cairo, Egypt, Monday Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo’s streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. Posters on the shroudS reads: ‘This my shroud for the sake of Egypt’. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

People pray on Tahrir, or Liberation Square, in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo’s streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

Egyptian demonstrator weeps as he prays in Tahrir Square in Cairo, on January 31, 2011, on the seventh day of mass protests calling for the removal of President Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)

Clerics from Al Azhar Islamic university, some holding their identity cards, chant anti-government slogans during a protest in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Monday Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo’s streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Manoocher Deghati)

An Egyptian anti-government protester holds a placard at Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo January 31, 2011. Protesters intensified their campaign on Monday to force Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak to quit as world leaders struggled to find a solution to a crisis that has torn up the Middle East political map. The placard reads, “Army and Egyptian People unite”. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS MILITARY IMAGES OF THE DAY)

Egyptian demonstrators gather in Tahrir Square, in central Cairo, on January 31, 2011, on the seventh day of protests against long term President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

An Egyptian mother and her sons hold up signs calling for the end of the current regime as they and others gather in Tahrir Square, in central Cairo, on January 31, 2011, on the seventh day of protests against long term President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MIGUEL MEDINA (Photo credit should read MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images)

Anti-government protestors pray in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo’s streets Tuesday to demand the removal of President Hosni Mubarak. The arabic on the sign reads “I’m Egyptian, anti-destruction”. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

A protester sleeps on an Egyptian flag as protesters defy the government-imposed curfew in Cairo’s Tahrir Square January 31, 2011. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

KAHERAH 30 JANUARI

An Egyptian demonstrator takes part in a protest against President Hosni Mubarak’s regime at Tahrir Square in Cairo on January 30, 2011. Crowds of protesters began massing in central Cairo for a sixth day of angry revolt against Mubarak’s regime amid increasing lawlessness, a rising death toll and a spate of jail breaks. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Military fighter jets are seen behind the minaret of the Aguza mosque in Cairo, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. Fighter jets are swooping low over Cairo in what appears to be an attempt by the military to show its control of a city beset by looting, armed robbery and anti-government protests. (AP Photo/Manoocher Deghati)

Egyptians demonstrators gather at Tahrir Square in Cairo on January 30, 2011 on the sixth day of angry revolt against Hosni Mubarak’s regime amid increasing lawlessness, a rising death toll and a spate of jail breaks. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

Egyptian demonstrators pray at Tahrir Square in Cairo on January 30, 2011 on the sixth day of angry revolt against Hosni Mubarak’s regime amid increasing lawlessness, a rising death toll and a spate of jail breaks. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 30: People pray in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

Muslim clerics from Al Azhar demonstrate with anti-government protestors in Cairo, Sunday Jan. 30, 2011. The Arab world’s most populous nation appeared to be swiftly moving closer to a point at which it either dissolves into widespread chaos or the military expands its presence and control of the streets. (AP Photo/Ahmed Ali)

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 30: A boy in Tahrir Square holds doctored photographs of President Hosni Mubarak on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

A protester holds up a poster of President Hosni Mubarak in downtown Cairo, January 30, 2011. Mubarak, clinging to power despite unprecedented demands for an end to his 30-year rule, met on Sunday with the powerful military which is widely seen as holding the key to Egypt’s future. The words in Arabic read “Leave coward”. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih (EGYPT – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

Egyptians pray in front of an Abrams tank during a protest in Tahrir Square in the capital Cairo, on January 30, 2011, on the sixth day of demonstrations against President Hosni Mubarak’s regime. AFP PHOTO/MIGUEL MEDINA (Photo credit should read MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images)

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 30: People pray in front of army tanks in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

Protesters take part in a demonstration at Tahrir Square in Cairo January 30, 2011. Egyptian opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei told thousands of protesters in central Cairo on Sunday that an uprising against Hosni Mubarak’s rule “cannot go back”. The banner reads: “Leave, Mubarak.” REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih (EGYPT – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 30: A boy in Tahrir Square holds doctored photographs of President Hosni Mubarak on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
Ditambah pada 30hb Januari · ·  

  •  

%d bloggers like this: